Typhoid

What it is:

Typhoid fever is an infection caused by a bacteria that invades the digestive tract. The key symptom of typhoid fever is a prolonged high fever, but also it is often accompanied by a headache, discomfort, cough and loss of appetite. Diarrhea, from mild to severe, may or may not occur. Treatment for typhoid fever may require antibiotics, and even hospitalization in severe cases.

How you get it:

Like Hepatitis A, travelers get typhoid fever from contaminated food or water due to poor sanitation or person-to-person contact with an infected person. Typhoid fever is present worldwide. As a result, typhoid fever can be a risk for many travelers.

How to protect yourself:

Again, getting the typhoid fever vaccine is a good start. But it's still important to be "Food-wise and Water-smart".

Where is it common:

Typhoid fever is common in South Asia, parts of south East Asia, the Middle East, Central and South America, and Africa.

Who should get Hepatitis B vaccine:

Travelers to countries where typhoid is widespread (e.g. south Asia, parts of south East Asia, the Middle East, Central and South America, and Africa), especially if staying with or visiting the local population.

What to expect after vaccination:

Adverse reactions to Typhoid immunization are usually mild and confined to the first few days after immunization. The most common reactions are mild, transient soreness, and redness at the injection site if given as an injection or mild gastrointestinal effects if taken by mouth. Severe reactions (such as lips swelling, tongue swelling, diffculty breathing, etc) following vaccination are very rare.